The Paris Agreement, signed in December 2015, ushered in a new era of global cooperation aimed at combatting climate change. Under the agreement, countries pledged to limit their greenhouse gas emissions and work towards keeping global warming below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. Five years since the historic pact was signed, what are the results of the Paris Agreement?
On the positive side, more and more countries are taking action to reduce their carbon footprint. According to a report by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, 126 countries have submitted updated plans to cut their carbon emissions by 2030, including China and the United States. This is a significant improvement from the previous year, when only 80 countries had submitted their plans.
In addition, renewable energy is on the rise. In 2019, renewable energy sources accounted for 72% of new power generation capacity added worldwide, according to the International Energy Agency. This growth is driven by a combination of falling prices for wind and solar energy, as well as government policies aimed at promoting clean energy.
However, despite these positive developments, there is still much work to be done. According to the latest report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, global temperatures are on track to rise by 3 degrees Celsius or more by the end of the century, far beyond the 2-degree target set by the Paris Agreement. This means that we are still heading towards catastrophic climate change unless we take urgent action.
Moreover, some countries are still dragging their feet on climate action. The United States, for example, withdrew from the Paris Agreement in 2020 under the Trump administration, though President-elect Joe Biden has promised to rejoin the accord. Other countries have also been criticized for not doing enough to reduce their carbon emissions.
In conclusion, the Paris Agreement has undoubtedly spurred progress towards a greener, more sustainable future, but there is still much work to be done. As the world continues to grapple with the devastating effects of climate change, it is crucial that all countries take bold action to reduce their carbon footprint and ensure a habitable planet for future generations.