Indonesia also demonstrated its important role at the global level as host of COP-13 in Bali in 2007, which included the development of the Bali Action Plan, which played an important role in Indonesian forests through the implementation of REDD+ programmes and the conduct of the Indonesia Forest Climate Alliance (IFCA) study. The Bali Action Plan agrees on positive policy approaches and incentives for REDD+ in developing countries, which provide solutions to deforestation in developing countries in order to reduce them, while being able to pursue their national development. The NDC is used as one of the benchmarks for implementing climate change commitments, with a plan to reduce emissions from 29% to 41% by 2030, with a share of emissions from each sector: forestry (17.2%), energy (11%), agriculture (0.32%), industry (0.10%) and waste (0.38%). On adaptation, Indonesia`s commitments include improving economic resilience, social resilience and livelihoods, as well as the resilience of ecosystems and landscapes. In line with the country`s commitments/commitments, NDC has planned climate change and adaptation efforts as an integrated measure to build resilience in the conservation of food, water and energy resources. Presidential Decree No. 16 of 2015 brings to the Ministry of Environment and Forests the consequences of the integration of the Ministry of Environment, the Ministry of Forests, the National Council for Climate Change and the REDD+ Management Agency, which is still operational by Regulation No. 18 of the Minister of Environment and Forests of 2015. The Ministry of Environment and Forests, through the Director General of Climate Control, is tasked with organizing the formulation and implementation of climate change strategies to implement Indonesia`s commitment to reduce emissions, both nationally and internationally. The fight against climate change in Indonesia requires iterative and synergistic national and international processes.
The implementation of the international agreement requires translation into the context of national development, including the translation of the ratification of the Paris Agreement and the DND into mitigation and adaptation measures. Translation into the national context aims to support sustainable development and coherently anchor the principle of zero emissions and resilience to climate change. The effectiveness of the fight against climate change also depends heavily on its policies and implementation at all levels (international, regional, national and subnational). The Indonesian government also enacted Law No. 16 of 2016 ratifying the Paris Agreement. The Government of Indonesia, with 9 (9) national priority measures for development, outlined by Nawa Citaz, is a national commitment to low-carbon development and the fight against climate change, with climate change adaptation and reduction being an integrated and cross-sectoral priority in the national development agenda. . . .